Evolution

This page is about the concept of natural selection. More information about the peppered moth can be seen at this page. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peppered_moth

Evolution coupled with the survival:

This is seen in the Peppered Moths living in industrial areas. The smoke and the other pollutants released into the air by the industries causes the flora in the surrounding areas to become darker in appearence. Peppered Moth’s evolution in the course of the industrial revolution can be seen from the following images.

If the trees have been darkened with the pollutants, it is more probable that the dark colored individuals in the population can camouflage themselves, among the darker surroundings increasing the probability of their survival. The Lighter individuals on the other hand are less likely to survive because they cannot blend themselves into the background, and the predators can find them relatively easily as compared to the darker individuals.

The following image shows the evolution of the color. We start with the light individuals in the first row and we see that the rows after that are the offsprings of the one that survived.

There are a few assumptions here.

  1. The parent can give rise to offsprings that are darker or lighter than itself
  2. In this case, each survived parent gives rise to 10 offsprings
  3. Of all the offsprings, only one individual with the color closest to the background survives (assuming that one has the highest probability of survival amongst its siblings) and gives rise to the next generation of the individuals.
  4. This process is repetitive and continues till the offsprings can perfectly blend into the background.

The below is the image that explains that same. Keep scrolling because this is a very big image. The green line joins all the survived individuals.

a. Against a dark background

W_to_B_Black_BackGround

You see, in the last row, the first one practically invisible.

b. Against a light background

B_to_W_White_BackGround_2

You see! The one of the individuals from the last row actually blended into the white background and completely vanished.

c. Same concept using different colors:

Here the color change is from red to blue.

R_to_B_White_BackGround

 

 


End of the post

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